Is Niobium Carbide NbC Hard?
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US President recently decided to invoke a Cold War-era defense law to encourage domestic niobium carbide powder.
What is Niobium Carbide NbC?
Niobium carbide is a kind of metal carbide with the chemical formula NbC.
The appearance of niobium carbide is brown-gray metal powder with purple luster. It belongs to sodium chloride type cubic crystal system.
The relative density is 8.47. The lattice constant a=0.447nm. The melting point is 3500 ℃. Microhardness > 23.5Gpa (> 2400 kg/mm2), which is harder than that of corundum. Elastic modulus 338000N/mm2, thermal expansion coefficient 6.65×10^(-6)/K, thermal conductivity 14w/(m·K), heat of formation-140.7kJ/mol, specific heat capacity 36.8J/(mol·K), resistivity 35μΩ·cm.
Insoluble in hot and cold hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, soluble in hot hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid mixed solution. It is stable at 1000℃ and 1100℃, and rapidly oxidized to niobium pentoxide above 1100℃. Niobium carbide is easy to melt in titanium carbide, zirconium carbide, tungsten carbide and other compounds to form isomorphous solid solution mixture.
Niobium carbide is a very hard refractory ceramic material. Therefore, it is very suitable for machining applications and wear protection. It is used commercially for tool heads for cutting tools. It is usually processed by sintering and is a commonly used grain growth inhibitor in cemented carbide. It has high corrosion resistance.
What is Niobium Carbide NbC Used For?
1.With good chemical stability and high-temperature performance, it is a kind of material with high melting point and high hardness, which is widely used in refractory high temperature materials and cemented carbide additives.
2.Niobium carbide is a ternary and quaternary carbide solid solution component, which is used in hot forging die, cutting tool, jet engine turbine blade, valve, tail skirt and rocket nozzle coating with tungsten carbide and molybdenum carbide.
3. As a carbide cemented carbide additive, it is a ternary and quaternary carbide solid solution component, such as WC-NbC-C ternary system. It can also be used as a purple artificial gem.
4. Used in the production of wear-resistant films and semiconductor films. It can also be used as raw material for the production of molybdenum carbide and for the manufacture of chromium-free special alloys and engineering ceramics.
What is Element Nb?
Nb (atomic symbol: Nb, atomic number: 41) is a D block, fifth family, fifth periodic element with an atomic weight of 92.90638. The number of electrons in each shell of Nb's Bohr model Nb is 2, 8, 18 and 12, and its electronic configuration is [Kr] 4d45s1.
In its elemental form, Nb has a gray metallic appearance. Among all the elements, Nb has the largest magnetic penetration depth and is one of the second kind of superconductors (along with vanadium and technetium) of the three elements. Nb exists in pyrochlore, its main commercial sources and uranium deposits.
Supplier of Niobium Carbide NbC Powder
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With Russia taking the lead on Poland and Bulgaria at the end of last month, there appears to be a growing sense of compromise within the EU over whether to accept Moscow's proposed rouble settlement order.
Italy's prime minister said recently that European companies would be able to buy gas in roubles without violating sanctions. This apparently ignores the guidance of hardliners in the EU to "fight to the end".
For weeks, European companies have been trying to find ways to meet Russia's payment demands for the rouble while maintaining vital gas supplies without violating sanctions against Moscow.
Late last month, European Commission President Von der Leyen said operating under the mechanism would violate sanctions and asked European companies not to bow to Russian demands. However, the EU has yet to issue more rigorous written guidelines on how companies should pay Gazprom.
The Italian prime minister said recently, "There is no official announcement from the European Union about what ruble settlement means for sanctions violations, and no one has said whether ruble payments violate sanctions or not. It's a grey area."
"In fact, most gas importers are already opening rouble accounts for deals with Gazprom,"
He also used German companies as a shield. He said Germany's largest gas importer had already paid in rubles. "In fact, we saw evidence yesterday that the largest gas importer in Germany has already paid in rubles."